China are now the biggest buyers of electric vehicles, not only with vehicles produced in China but imported units too and it all started off with two-wheeled electric transportation devices, now China has 99% of the worlds 250 million electric two-wheelers with that number being almost 100 times the that of electric passengers cars the world over.
In 1999 regulations were passed that electric two-wheelers that could not go faster than 20mph were classed as bicycles, it meant that they could be owned and used without a license or even registration and insurance and could be ridden in existing bicycle lanes. After this, they restricted the ownership of gas-guzzling internal combustion engine two-wheeled machines in the central parts of the cities.
Today those two-wheeled electric vehicles account for 80% of the greenhouse-emissions avoided by the non-use of gasoline engines within them.
In 2018 more electric cars were sold in China than all those combined in sales over the rest of the world, there is a great deal of infrastructure to support the network, the government has spent $60 billion in the last decade on creating an industry that can build electric cars and plans to invest the same again this coming decade.
The overall plan is to reduce greenhouse emissions, exhaust contamination and pollutants, this comes from the reduction of exhaust gases as well as the government reducing the number of licenses available for gasoline cars with increasing the number of electric vehicle licenses and so the reliance with the demand of electric cars and vehicles increases. This overall almost forced transitioning has many benefits with cleaner air in the smog-filled cities and lessens the importation of foreign oil required.
There are over 100 electric car manufacturing factories in China as well as many additional companies that supply components for the electric cars. The country also has massive resources of the raw products needed for the vehicles battery storage. Electric vehicle batteries are comprised of four main components: anode, cathode, a separator and electrolyte. China has between 50% and 77% of the global market according to data from Yano Research Institute.
99% of the worlds electric buses are in China, it makes sense in many ways as well as with other electric vehicles with reduced maintenance due to having far fewer components than an internal combustion engine with no exhaust gas pollution and quieter operation in the neighborhoods and city streets overall.
Autonomous self-driving and navigating cars, trucks and buses are almost on the horizon in China as the government’s economic policy agency set a goal to have half the new cars produced being autonomous or partially autonomous by the end of 2020, the manufacturing and technology sectors are still a fair way off but maybe not as Tesla’s new Gigafactory in Shanghai as it recently delivered its first Model 3 cars to customers in December 2019, whether Elon Musk has allowed some information about the technology to be passed along or not, there will most probably be copies of the software and system made anyway due to the open-source thinking (ish) of the Chinese technology sectors. Whatever the means, eventually Chinese made electric cars will be cheaply made and could dominate the lower to mid-range electric car markets globally. Only time will tell and that may be shorter than we think with the technological advancements that only accelerate.